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  • Photo du rédacteurJean-Yves Kitantou

The future of mobility in Africa

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The future of mobility in Africa represents a major challenge for the continent's sustainable development. Numerous challenges must be faced: inadequate infrastructure, rapid urbanization, and the need to reduce CO2 emissions. Yet, the development of mass transit systems such as trams, metros, and trains can radically transform African economies, thereby improving the daily lives of millions.


Challenges and Obstacles

With some of the world's fastest-growing cities, Africa faces a significant mobility challenge. Urban congestion and the lack of efficient transport infrastructure hinder economic growth and affect the quality of life. Sustainable mobility solutions, capable of meeting the needs of an expanding urban population, are therefore crucial.


Barriers to Development

Obstacles to the development of mass transit in Africa include limited funding, the lack of integrated urban planning, and technological challenges. Moreover, reliance on individual motor vehicles exacerbates pollution and traffic congestion.


Importance of Mass Transit Development

Developing efficient mass transit systems is essential for improving urban accessibility, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and boosting the economy. Studies show that investment in transport infrastructure can have a multiplier effect on GDP. The World Bank estimates that every dollar invested in transport infrastructure can generate up to five dollars in economic benefits.


Impact on GDP

The development of mass transit solutions such as trams, metros, and trains can significantly contribute to economic growth. In Ethiopia, for example, the Addis Ababa tramway project has not only improved urban mobility but also boosted the local economy by creating jobs and reducing transportation costs. According to the African Union, a 10% increase in investment in transport infrastructure can lead to a 1% increase in GDP per capita.


Success Cases and Perspectives

Initiatives like the Addis Ababa tramway in Ethiopia, the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and the development of the railway network in Morocco demonstrate the potential of mass transit in Africa. These projects have shown that with adequate investment and strategic planning, it is possible to overcome urban mobility challenges.


Conclusion

The development of mass transit in Africa is not only vital to meet the mobility needs of the growing population but also to support economic growth and environmental sustainability. As the continent continues to develop, investing in innovative and sustainable transport solutions will be crucial to shaping the future of mobility in Africa, thereby underscoring the strategic importance of this sector for the continent's overall development.


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